Humaid Sadiq1, Arooj Bashir1, Madiha Farooqui1

1Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Background:
Joint pain (Arthralgia) describes pain in body joints. However, they are yet to discover the roots of the problem. According to a CDC report, in the USA, approximately 30% of adults reported experiencing some type of joint pain. However, various factors tend to affect the occurrence. Individuals with more physical lumbar load are at higher risks of joint pain. In terms of physical exercise, individuals that don’t exercise are more prone to joint pain. However, exercising at high intensity could also work against the joints, so it must be done properly. People with higher BMI classes (obesity) are more likely to be associated with joint pain. The prevalence of joint pain among individuals who were past or current smokers were less common than those who never smoked. Studies showed that there is a clear association of alcohol intake with joint pain. As for gender, a study in Japan showed that 17.8% of women were affected by acetabular dysplasia, while only 12.9% in men. One study showed an association between older age and joint pain – with the elders being more associated. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors related to joint pain among health care providers.

Method(s):
It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 280 healthcare providers and workers of Thumbay Healthcare groups in Ajman, UAE. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among the participants. The questionnaire was divided into three domains; socio-demographics, factors associated with joint pain and; perspective of joint pain.

Result(s):
The prevalence of joint pain among the healthcare providers and workers was found to be 61%. There was no variation observed in the prevalence with respect to gender. Married individuals (64.3%) were shown to have a higher prevalence than singles (54.7%). With regards to age, the prevalence of joint pain was highest (70.7%) among those above 40 years of age. Statistically significant association of joint pain was observed with leisure activities, washing of dishes, driving, hereditary factors and gynecological factors including menstrual cycle patterns and joint pain during menstruation.

Conclusion(s):
A high prevalence of joint pain was observed among the healthcare providers and workers. It was found to be more prevalent in married individuals and among those above the age of 40. Several modifiable factors like leisure activities, washing of dishes and driving were found to have a statistically significant association with joint pain.